Neri, Antonio Ludovico

[br]
b. 29 February 1576 Florence, Italy
d. 1614 Florence, Italy
[br]
Italian glassmaker.
[br]
Neri entered the Church and by 1601 was a priest in the household of Alamanno Bertolini in Florence. There he met the Portuguese Sir Emanuel Ximenes, with whom he shared an interest in chemistry. The two later corresponded and the twenty-seven letters extant from Ximenes, who was living in Antwerp, are the main source of information about Neri's life. At the same time, Neri was working as a craftsman in the Medici glasshouse in Florence and then in their works at Pisa. These glasshouses had been flourishing since the fifteenth century with the help of Muranese glassmakers imported from Venice. Ximenes persuaded Neri to spend some time with the glassmakers in Antwerp, probably from 1603/4, for the correspondence breaks off at that point. A final letter in March 1611 refers to Neri's recent return to Florence. In the following year, Neri published the work by which he is known, the L'arte vetraria, the first general treatise on glassmaking. Neri's plan for a further book describing his chemical and medical experiments was thwarted by his early death. L'arte belongs to the medieval tradition of manuscript recipe books. It is divided into seven books, the first being the most interesting, dealing with the materials of glassmaking and their mixing and melting to form crystal and other colourless glasses. Other sections deal with coloured glasses and the making of enamels for goldsmiths' use. Although it was noted by Galileo Galilei (1564–1642), the book made little impression for half a century, the second edition not appearing until 1661. The first Venice edition came out two years later, with a second in 1678. Due to a decline in scientific activity in Italy at this time, L'arte had more influence elsewhere in Europe, especially England, Holland and France. It began to make a real impact with the appearance in 1662 of the English translation by Christopher Merrett (1614–95), physician, naturalist and founder member of the Royal Society. This edition included Merrett's annotations, descriptions of the tools used by English glassmakers and a translation of Agricola's short account of glassmaking in his De re metallica of 1556. Later translations were based on the Merrett translation rather than the Italian original. Ravenscroft probably used Neri's account of lead glass as a starting point for his own researches in the 1670s.
[br]
Bibliography
1612, L'arte vetraria, 7 vols; reprinted 1980, ed. R.Barovier, Milan: Edizioni Polifilo (the introd., in Italian, England and French, contains the most detailed account of Neri's life and work).
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chemical technology — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abel, Sir Frederick August Argand, François Pierre Amis Baekeland, Leo Hendrik Bell, Sir Isaac Lowthian Bergius, Friedrich Carl Rudolf Bissell, George Henry …   Biographical history of technology

  • Photography, film and optics — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abney, William de Wiveleslie Acres, Birt Anschütz, Ottomar Archer, Frederick Scott Baekeland, Leo Hendrik Barnack, Oskar Bayard, Hippolyte …   Biographical history of technology

  • List of people from Goa — This is a list of famous and notable people from Goa, India. This list aims to include persons who are known to a large number of people, and is not based on the extent of their popularity. Neither is the list viewed from the context of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste de peintres italiens — Le foisonnement très important des peintres italiens s explique par le nombre des mouvements et des courants qui se sont développés surtout depuis la Renaissance italienne. Écoles de peinture en Italie Certains des peintres œuvrant en Italie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste De Peintres Italiens — Cet article est une liste référençant des peintres italiens. D autres articles peuvent être identifiés dans la catégorie correspondante La Carraccina de Lodovico Carracci …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peintres italiens — Liste de peintres italiens Cet article est une liste référençant des peintres italiens. D autres articles peuvent être identifiés dans la catégorie correspondante La Carraccina de Lodovico Carracci …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • List of Italians — This is a list of notable Italians in alphabetical order.cientistsA FAntonio Abetti, astronomer *Maria Gaetana Agnesi, mathematician *Francesco Alberoni, sociologist and journalist *Giuseppe Averani, jurist and naturalist *Amedeo Avogadro (1776… …   Wikipedia

  • Crown-cardinal — Henry of Portugal, both cardinal and King of Portugal (formerly a Cardinal Infante) …   Wikipedia

  • Italian literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Italian language that had its beginnings in the 13th century. Until that time nearly all literary work composed in the Middle Ages was written in Latin. Moreover, it was predominantly… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.